The Managing Director of Afri-Air International Ltd and a former Senior Special Adviser on Aviation Matters to three former presidents of Nigeria, Captain Shehu Iyal, in this interview with Funmi Fabunmi speaks on the need for more government intervention in the aviation sector

How would you assess the Nigerian aviation industry? 

 There is a great leap and great fulfilment in the airline business in Nigeria; notwithstanding the circumstances and situation, they found themselves. You can see the number of airlines we have today and the improvements in facilities) at the airports from what we had 10 years ago. You can also see the new planes that are coming in. The aircraft is quite modern, cost-effective and very safe to use.

Airline operators have always complained of high operating costs in Nigeria.  Would you say the current airfares cover airlines’ operating costs?

 You have to be fair to the airlines. What about the cost of aviation fuel, which you know is a major factor? What of the cost of acquisition of these aircraft, which you know is very high and you pay heavily for aircraft leasing and insurance? If you are in Nigeria, you know what we go through. But overall, I think the fares should be looked into and stabilised for better conditions both for the passengers and the airlines. But for now, I think the demand side is higher than the supply side. And sometimes, it determines the price. Most airlines in the world don’t acquire aircraft directly; they lease.

It has been agreed that Nigerian airlines pay more for insurance and aircraft leasing. How do you think the high insurance premium that the country’s airline operators pay can be lowered to what is obtained in other African countries?

There is a need for the government to come in either with funding or to create some kind of guarantee for the airline industry. There is no how we can continue with the current interest rate. All over the world, the interest rate is a single digit. I think the government should do what they are doing now. The government dedicated some funds to the Manufacturers Association of Nigeria, which should be disbursed to serious-minded businesses and created at a single-digit interest rate. The government should also do the same for the aviation industry. It should earmark funds to be accessed on long-term basis and on single-digit interest rate. That will go a long way to help airlines with the purchase and leasing of aircraft. If it is leasing the government should find a way or an organisation that can stand as a guarantor for these airlines. I think it should help a lot.

Air travellers often blame airlines alone for flights. What are the causes of flight delays and what roles can the regulatory agency and airlines play to curb this?

There has to be a very strong synergy between the two. The infrastructures in some of the airports are not adequate. The check-in counters may not be adequate. So, sometimes those issues create delays. And other things that cause delays are the non-availability of aviation fuel and bad weather. But for a passenger, all he knows is that the airline is responsible for the delays. So, normally, there are three variables that control flight operation: weather, technical issues and the availability of aviation fuel. Indeed, the most important factor in any flight, in any operation, is the availability of aviation fuel as and when due or when needed. These are the things that the ordinary passenger doesn’t know.

 So, there has to be a way of passing this information across. But there is another solution. Some of the infrastructure deficiencies can be reduced greatly if there is a collaboration between the owner of these airports; that is the Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria and private investors on infrastructure development. This will enhance state-of-the-art airport facilities, which everyone can benefit from the airlines, the passengers and the government, which will earn higher revenue, as the airports attract more users.

VIP movement, which is a major factor in flight delays, seems to defy solutions. There was a suggestion that instead of stopping for 30 minutes when there is a VIP movement, it could be an adjustment during that period to reduce the time for waiting. What is your take on this?

I disagree with you totally. It is not possible. There was never a time that the VIP movement is 30 minutes because I was in the Presidency and I was involved in some of those movements. What happens is, in most instances, it is not more than five or 10 minutes. But there is a backlog and a buildup and it affects the airplanes that are on the ground. The control tower has to clear the aeroplanes that are up there before it starts clearing those on the ground. But, I think nobody in his right senses and nobody who is responsible for that will create a delay of 30 minutes because of VIP.

In an effort to curb flight delays, airlines are considering codesharing. Do you see this working in Nigeria?

Well, I think with time and maturity it can work. But it is not something anybody can impose on them. It is something that they, on their own, will decide to do. I think we are almost there, with the Airline Operators of Nigeria (AON) and other groups that are talking to them, they will realise the value. You know some of these airlines are created out of ignorance and most of the people that established them don’t know what is in there until when they get into the market. But, I think the plan is very good and it will help a lot.

How will evaluate safety in the Nigerian aviation industry currently?

 I think from my own experience, which I think is quite reasonable; our safety level has greatly improved. When last did we have any accidents on any of our commercial airlines? So, I think it has greatly improved because of training and retraining, seminars, courses and the kind of equipment we are operating in the country now. And whether you like it or not, I think you must give kudos to the Nigeria Civil Aviation Authority. Whenever there is possible infringement, they come early enough to stop it. Commendation should also go to the Nigerian Safety Investigation Bureau for what it is doing. I think it is doing a great job. They are properly equipped now and they have a lot of training for their personnel. And from time to time, they give safety recommendations emanating from their accident and incident investigations. The same thing goes with Nigeria Meteorological Agency on the weather. I receive weather reports daily from them. I also receive warning reports on safety.  So, safety-wise, we have gone far, far ahead than where we were some five or 10 years ago because of training and retraining, proper equipment, navigational aids and landing aids that we have, and runway lights that have improved even though there is room for more improvement.

How do you think the government can assist the airlines in terms of funding and credit facilities?

Certainly, I have said it and I will repeat myself. The government can come in by creating a special fund that can be disbursed through the Bank of Industry (BoI) at single digits, strictly for airlines and strictly under the supervision of BoI. And if we have that, I think it will go a long way in improving the situation that we have here.

 What is your idea of concession?

 Well, my idea may not be the idea of everyone. But I think the concession should be total. If I am going to take an airport and do the concession, and run it for a while, the concession should be total; not just the terminal. And when I mean total, I mean, inclusive of the runways. People may have a contrary view, citing national security, but I think there can be a synergy between what the company is given the airport and the security and the regulator. The most important thing is that we must have a very strong, efficient, well-trained, well-equipped regulator and then we can move forward. I have seen it in Niamey, Niger Republic. When the airport was under state management, it was like any other airport in Africa. Then, it was given out in concession and everything changed. It has modern facilities now and it is run efficiently. Most of the people that work in that airport are the indigenes of the country with expatriate supervisors.

What are the aviation policies you would want the government to review?

They should look into taxation. There are too many charges. They should be streamlined or possibly reduced. If possible, some startup companies can be given tax holidays because the aviation business is capital-intensive. So, if there is something like that, it will go a long way in helping to sustain businesses in the aviation industry.

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